Have you ever really considered the implications of ticking yes to the question, “Are you Aboriginal or Torres Strait islander?” on an employment form? For some Indigenous Australians, the decision to share their heritage to employers and colleagues has been, and continues to be, a difficult one, as we heard at the recent launch of Diversity Council Australia’s new Building Workplace Capability for Indigenous Australia network.
Back in 2013, DCA’s Closing the Work Gap research found, amongst other things, that organisations had much work to do to create inclusive working environments where Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people feel safe to identify as such. Part of the problem was that many non-Indigenous Australians have little knowledge about Indigenous history and culture. While the broader implementation of Reconciliation Actions Plans (RAPs) has gone some way to improving this, there is still a lot more that can be done to build workplaces that make the most of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander talent.
Through our new network, proudly supported by Lendlease, we are keen to improve understanding of Indigenous cultures and issues and build organisational capability in this area – as well as encourage stronger relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians within our member organisations.
Darryl Monaghan, general manager of RAPs at Reconciliation Australia, who spoke at the network launch, believes the social context and environment for change needs to improve.
“According to Reconciliation Australia’s The State of Reconciliation Report, despite continued challenges, there is an increasing desire among Australians for a deeper understanding of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures, and a more unified nation,” Monaghan said.
“Reconciliation Action Plans are designed to turn this goodwill into action, committing organisations to establishing practical and meaningful social change and economic opportunities built on relationships, respect and opportunities.”
A RAP is a great framework for organisations to begin building positive relationships between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and other Australians. According to Monaghan, since 2006, 658 Australian organisations have created a RAP, and in 2015 RAP partner organisations employed 35,137 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
RAPs are also really helping to improve trust and relationships, as evidenced by Reconciliation Australia’s research:
- 77 per cent of RAP employees have high trust for their Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander colleagues, compared with 26 per cent of people in the general community
- 5 per cent of RAP employees believe that prejudice is high in their organisation, compared with 45 per cent who believe it is high in the general community
- 46 per cent of RAP employees enjoy frequent interaction with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, compared with 30 per cent of the general community
- 82 per cent of RAP organisation employees believe that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples hold a special place as the First Australians, compared with 71 per cent of the general community
- 71 per cent of RAP employees are proud of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, compared with 57 per cent of the general community.
Liz Potter, head of Indigenous Affairs at Lendlease Building, said her organisation has a strong vision for its RAP.
“We want all our employees to acknowledge and celebrate the proud heritage of Australia’s First Peoples. And we want to all work together to promote opportunities for career development, sustainable business growth, and economic participation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians within our sector,” Potter said.
Lendlease’s RAP Advisory Panel, established in 2010, developed the following principles guiding the RAP’s design and implementation:
- partner with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander owned and governed organisations and support their aims for self-determination
- be guided by the advice of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community Elders, leaders and representatives
- set the employment bar higher and grow Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people into management and professional roles
- prepare Lendlease to become an employer of choice for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
Since establishing its first RAP in 2011, Lendlease has spent some time refreshing its approach.
“We are now actually asking Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people what they really think of the organisation as an employer rather than assuming we already know,” Potter explained.
“Providing a culturally safe and inclusive environment where Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander employees feel able to express and practice their culture and have their values respected is also a priority. Education to improve cultural awareness and competency of all Lendlease staff is key.”
Other key changes to the RAP include:
- introducing targets for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander employees and making sure we are developing Indigenous talent pipeline
- increasing procurement activity with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander businesses.
Amber Roberts, research and policy advisor within the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Team at the Australian Human Rights Commission, said Australia is a signatory to several international conventions which provide for the right to work and to favourable conditions of work.
“The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples sets out four key principles. The first is self-determination. The second is participation in decision-making, free, prior and informed consent, and good faith. The third is respect for and protection of culture, and the fourth is equality and non-discrimination.
“Organisations would do well to keep these principles front and centre when developing their RAPs and when working with Indigenous employees and communities,” said Roberts.
Roberts also suggested the Australian Human Rights Commission’s guidelines for employers on targeted recruitment of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people will assist organisations ensure they are compliant with domestic discrimination law when developing and implementing recruitment strategies aimed to increase Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander employment.
We are indebted to the leaders who shared their insights and experience with DCA members at this launch event and look forward to helping workplaces across this country to build the reconciled, just and equitable Australia that Reconciliation Australia has outlined.